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2023-10-03 12:46 PM

South African Manufacturing Sector Slumps

  • Manufacturing Sector Decline: The South African manufacturing sector saw a significant decline in September, with the Absa PMI dropping by 4.3 points to 45.4. This indicates a contraction in the industry for the second consecutive month, which is a cause for concern.
  • Factors Behind the Decline: The deterioration in the manufacturing sector can be attributed to supply chain disruptions, rising input costs, weakened demand, and policy uncertainty. These factors have created challenges for businesses operating in the sector.
  • Impact on Various Sectors: The decline in manufacturing has far-reaching effects, impacting financial services, credit, lending, personal finance, motor vehicles, insurances, and banking. It can lead to reduced lending, affect personal finances, and even influence the prices of motor vehicles and insurance products.
By Miriam Matoma

As the third quarter of the year came to a close, the South African manufacturing sector experienced a decline, reflecting challenging conditions in the industry. According to the seasonally adjusted Absa Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI), the sector deteriorated significantly in September, dropping by 4.3 points to reach a reading of 45.4. This decline has raised concerns among experts and investors alike, impacting various aspects of the South African economy, including financial services, credit, lending, personal finance, motor vehicles, insurances, and banking.

The Absa PMI, a key economic indicator, is widely regarded as a barometer for the health of the manufacturing sector in South Africa. It surveys purchasing managers from various manufacturing firms and assesses their sentiment and activity levels. A reading below 50 suggests a contraction in the sector, while a reading above 50 indicates expansion.

Understanding the Decline

The September drop in the Absa PMI is of particular concern, as it signifies a contraction in the manufacturing sector for the second consecutive month. This deterioration can be attributed to various factors, including supply chain disruptions, rising input costs, and a decrease in both domestic and international demand.

  1. Supply Chain Disruptions: The ongoing global supply chain issues have had a significant impact on South African manufacturers. Delays in the delivery of critical components and raw materials have hampered production schedules, leading to reduced output.
  2. Rising Input Costs: Escalating prices of essential inputs like energy, fuel, and raw materials have squeezed profit margins for manufacturers. This has made it challenging for companies to maintain competitive pricing while dealing with higher production costs.
  3. Weakened Demand: The decline in demand, both locally and globally, has been a key contributor to the sector’s deterioration. The ongoing effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, coupled with economic uncertainty, have led to decreased consumer spending and lower export orders.
  4. Policy Uncertainty: Political and policy uncertainty in South Africa has also played a role in the sector’s woes. Investors and manufacturers alike are cautious about making significant investments in an environment with unclear economic policies and regulatory changes.

Impact on Financial Services and Banking

The decline in the manufacturing sector has a ripple effect across the South African economy, affecting various industries, including financial services and banking.

  1. Credit and Lending: A weakening manufacturing sector can lead to reduced business activity, which, in turn, affects the need for credit and lending services. Banks and financial institutions may become more cautious when extending loans to businesses operating in struggling sectors.
  2. Personal Finance: Job losses and reduced economic activity within the manufacturing sector can impact individuals’ personal finances. Job security concerns and reduced income can lead to decreased consumer spending and, subsequently, impact banks’ consumer banking portfolios.

Motor Vehicles and Insurances

The automotive industry, closely linked to manufacturing, is also affected by this decline. Reduced production levels can lead to supply shortages, potentially driving up vehicle prices. This can impact consumers seeking to purchase motor vehicles, which, in turn, affects the automotive insurance sector.

Government Interventions and Prospects

To address the challenges faced by the manufacturing sector, the South African government and relevant stakeholders must take swift and effective measures. These may include:

  • Supply Chain Management: Implementing strategies to mitigate supply chain disruptions, such as diversifying suppliers and improving logistics.
  • Policy Clarity: Providing clear and stable economic policies to attract investment and promote growth.
  • Economic Stimulus: Introducing measures to stimulate domestic and international demand, potentially through incentives for manufacturers and consumers.

While the manufacturing sector is currently facing challenges, there are prospects for recovery. As global supply chains stabilize, and if policy certainty is restored, the sector may see improvements in the coming quarters.


The decline in the South African manufacturing sector, as indicated by the Absa PMI, raises concerns across various economic segments, including financial services, credit, lending, personal finance, motor vehicles, insurances, and banking. The industry’s woes stem from a combination of factors, including supply chain disruptions, rising input costs, weakened demand, and policy uncertainty. Effective government interventions and a focus on addressing these issues will be crucial to the sector’s recovery and its impact on the broader economy. Investors, businesses, and consumers will be closely monitoring developments in the coming months to assess the path to economic revitalization in South Africa.

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Miriam Matoma

Miriam is a freelance writer, she covers economics and government news for Rateweb. You can contact her on: Email: miriam@rateweb.co.za Twitter: @MatomaMiriam