March 2024 Land Transport Report: Freight Volume Dips

In the dynamic landscape of land transport, March 2024 presents a mixed bag of trends and insights. The Land Transport Survey offers a valuable snapshot, especially in the realms of freight and passenger transportation, key components of economic activity. Let’s delve into the numbers and narratives shaping these sectors.

Freight Transportation Trends

Volume Decline Amidst Income Growth

In March 2024, there was a 4.8% decrease in the volume of goods transported compared to March 2023. However, this decline didn’t translate into income, which saw a 0.6% increase over the same period. This divergence prompts an exploration into the underlying factors influencing these metrics.

Contributors to Income Growth

The first quarter of 2024 witnessed a 2.1% increase in income from freight transportation compared to the same period in 2023. Several sectors played a pivotal role in driving this growth. Notably, containers contributed significantly, accounting for 44.7% and adding 2.0 percentage points to the overall increase.

A closer look reveals that primary mining and quarrying products also made a substantial positive impact, contributing 1.1 percentage points with a 3.2% growth rate. Furthermore, sectors such as electrical machinery, transport machinery, and equipment, along with commercial products, contributed 0.6 of a percentage point each, showcasing diverse growth avenues.

Identifying Negative Contributors

Despite the overall growth, certain sectors faced challenges. Manufactured food, beverages, and tobacco products experienced a notable decline of 10.8%, contributing -1.5 percentage points to the overall trend. Similarly, ‘other’ freight witnessed a 4.9% decrease, contributing -1.0 percentage point. Understanding the dynamics within these sectors is crucial for a comprehensive analysis of the freight landscape.

Seasonal Adjustments and Mode Preferences

The seasonally adjusted payload in Q1 2024 saw a 1.1% decrease compared to Q4 2023. Road freight bore the brunt of this decline with a 1.4% decrease, contributing -1.2 percentage points. Conversely, rail freight experienced a modest increase of 0.9%, contributing 0.1 of a percentage point. This highlights shifting preferences or operational challenges within different transport modes.

Passenger Transportation Insights

Rising Journeys and Income

In contrast to the freight sector, passenger transportation witnessed growth in both journeys and income. The number of passenger journeys increased by 5.6% in March 2024 compared to the same period in 2023, accompanied by a 3.9% income growth.

Seasonal Adjustments and Mode Dynamics

The seasonally adjusted passenger journeys in Q1 2024 increased by 0.6% compared to Q4 2023. Within this growth, rail passenger journeys stood out with a significant 10.5% increase, contributing 1.6 percentage points to the overall trend. On the other hand, road passenger journeys saw a slight decline of 1.2%, contributing -1.0 percentage point.

Analysis and Implications

The contrasting trends in freight and passenger transportation underscore the nuanced dynamics at play within the land transport sector. While freight volume may have dipped, income resilience indicates potential market adjustments or strategic shifts by industry players. Key sectors like containers and primary mining products are driving growth, signaling underlying demand strengths.

On the passenger front, the rise in journeys and income reflects consumer mobility patterns and economic activity. Rail’s substantial growth suggests a preference shift or targeted investments in rail infrastructure and services.


The Land Transport Survey for March 2024 paints a detailed picture of the industry’s pulse. Despite challenges in certain freight sectors, income resilience and passenger sector growth provide grounds for cautious optimism. Understanding these trends equips stakeholders with valuable insights for strategic decision-making and market positioning in the evolving transport landscape.